Yemen: Report on Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) or Female Genital Cutting (FGC) Released by the Office of the Senior Coordinator for International Women's Issues. Practice: The most common form of female genital mutilation (FGM) or female genital cutting (FGC) practiced in Yemen is Type II (commonly referred to as excision) Female Genital Mutilation in Yemen. Female genital mutilation (FGM) is a procedure that is still being performed in parts of Yemen and is rooted in social concepts of femininity. Female genital mutilation is a practice that is inhumane and has many adverse side effects. In Yemen, 15% of women have been mutilated 1 Key Findings and Indicators1 Prevalence: In Yemen, the prevalence of FGM in women aged 15-49 is 18.5% Geography: The governorates of Yemen with the highest prevalence are in the east of the country, particularly Al-Mhrah and Hadramout Age: 83.8% of women who have had FGM were cut in the first week after birth Type: 'ut, flesh removed' is the most common type of M practised Female genital mutilation (FGM) refers to all Yet, where it is practised, FGM is performed in line with tradition and social norms to ensure that girls are socially accepted and marriageable, and to uphold their status and FGM passed YEMEN ©UNICEF/UNI48529/Pirozzi Practice: The most common form of female genital mutilation (FGM) or female genital cutting (FGC) practiced in Yemen is Type II (commonly referred to as excision). Type III (commonly referred to as infibulation) is practiced among the small East African immigrant/refugee community. Incidence
Plenty of studies but little action. Yemen is the only Middle Eastern country, where the prevalence of FGM was detected early on. Already in 2001, the US State Department published a Report on Female Genital Mutilation and Female Genital Cutting which cites several studies conducted by the Yemeni goverment.. According to the Yemen Demographic Mother and Child Health Survey of 1997, 23 percent. . In 2001, the Yemeni Ministry of Public Health and Population (YMoPHP) enacted a decree to ban public and private health facilities from performing FGM. However, some facilities still carry out the practice
YEMEN INTER-COUNTRY STATISTICAL OVERVIEW Notes: In Liberia, girls and women who have heard of the Sande society were asked whether they were members; this provides indirect information on FGM since it is performed during initiation into the society A March 2020 report by End FGM European Network, U.S. End FGM/C Network and Equality Now found that FGM was practiced in at least 92 countries across all continents, while 51 of them had a law that specifically criminalised FGM.: 11. FGM was illegal in 22 of the 28 most FGM-prevalent countries in Africa in September 2018 And predominantly, FGM affects young girls. In most countries, the majority of girls were cut before the age of five. However in Yemen, 85% of girls face it within the first week of their life. In England and Wales, an estimated 137,000 women and girls have undergone FGM. Read More: Africa's First Female President Bans FGM on Her Last Day in. Infibulation, which is the most severe form of FGM with a higher rate of complications, is mostly practiced in the north-eastern region of Africa: Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia, and Sudan and is practised among as many as 90% of women from some of these countries. Estimated prevalence of FGM in Africa
The practice is prevalent in all parts of the country, but two types of Female Genital Mutilation are especially common in the area. The types are II and III, also known as excision and infibulation, although the practice of Type III of FGM is mostly carried out in the eastern parts of the country which borders Sudan Blog. July 2, 2021. How to hold hybrid meetings; June 29, 2021. Why you should foster collaboration skills in your workplace — and how to get starte Countries With The Highest Rates Of FGM/C . Somalia is the leading country in FGM with 98% of women between the ages of 15 and 49 years undergoing the practice. Guinea, Djibouti, and Egypt also have more than 90% of their women between the same ages going for circumcision.However, Egypt has the highest number of women who have undergone FGM with a total of 27.2 million women followed by. Prevalence of FGM has decreased by 18 per cent between 1997 and 2013; FGM is less common among girls aged 15-19 than women aged 45-49. Prevalence of FGM has decreased by 9% between 2008 and 2011; FGM is less common among girls 15-19 than women 45-49. Created with Highcharts 4.0.3 DHS 1997 DHS 2013 Yemen 15-19 45-49 0 100 25 50 75 It is believed that they originated in Yemen, where the practice of female genital mutilation was - and still is - common. Sahiyo, the organisation founded by women from the Bohra community in.
FGM is a transnational public health, human rights, and gender injustice issue, which more than 125 million girls and women in 29 countries of Africa and the Middle East have been subjected to .It is also prevalent in some countries of Asia and migrant communities in Europe, the USA, Australia and New Zealand .Even if the worldwide decline in FGM is maintained at current rates, population. Female Circumcision: The History, the Current Prevalence and the Approach to a Patient Jewel Llamas April 2017 Introduction Female circumcision, also known as female genital mutilation (FGM) or female genital cutting (FGC), is practiced in many countries spanning parts of Africa, the Middle East and Southeast Asia TOGO: Current status: Excision and circumcision are reportedly practised in the region of Tchaoudjo, in the north of Togo.According to the World Health Organization, the prevalence rate nationwide was 12% in 1996. Among the Cotocoli, the Tchamba, the Mossi, the Yanga and the Peuls, the prevalence rate was reportedly between 85 to 98%; it is reportedly 22% for the Moba and 12% for the Gurma In one small study in Iran, a high prevalence of FGM showed among refugee women from Afghanistan - this hint to FGM being practiced in Afghanistan could not be substantiated until now, though. For Southeast Asia many studies, some of them quite large, show that FGM is practiced by more than 90% of the Muslim population in Indonesia and Malaysia being conducted in the homes.10The performance of FGM/C in Yemen is a result of cultural practices, the lack of awareness of the risk associated with this harmful procedure, and lack of law.
FGM, or khitan al-inath as it is known in Yemeni Arabic, refers to the removal of all or part of the female genitalia. In Yemen, the most common reasons given for the practice are cleanliness and religious/cultural tradition. There is also a common belief that the practice serves to temper sexual urges The variety that follows is at least as bad as most FGM practised today. Indian Medical Gazette (Calcutta), vol.56, no2 (February 1921): pp. 48-49 A BARBARIC METHOD OF CIRCUMCISION AMONGST SOME OF THE ARAB TRIBES OF YEMEN Female Genital Mutilation Female genital mutilation (FGM) is practiced in some governates of Yemen, where the figures can be as high as 84 percent of women and girls who are cut Sana'a: A national plan of action to fight the practice of female genital mutilation (FGM) in Yemen was formulated on Wednesday in a workshop organised by the Unicef office here
- FGM is known to be prevalent in 27 African countries, Yemen, Iraqi Kurdistan and Indonesia. But there is growing evidence that it may exist in many more Asian and Middle Eastern countries than. A U.N. report on female genital mutilation (FGM) this year listed 30 countries where cutting is practised, almost all in Africa. It is thought the practice may have come from Yemen, to where. Female genital cutting (FGC), also known as female circumcision or female genital mutilation (FGM) in Tanzania, is a common practice in many societies in the northern half of sub-Saharan Africa. Nearly universal in a few countries, it is practiced by various groups in at least 25 Africa FEMALE GENITAL MUTILATION IN THE MIDDLE EAST AND NORTH AFRICA FACTS AND FIGURES WHAT IS FEMALE GENITAL MUTILATION the harmful practice in the region including Egypt, Djibouti, Sudan and parts of Yemen and Iraq responsible for FGM in Yemen, Djibouti and Iraq 56% For more information In Egypt and parts of Yemen
Female genital mutilation (FGM) comprises all procedures that involve partial or total removal of the external female genitalia, or other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons. The practice is mostly carried out by traditional circumcisers, who often play other central roles in communities, such as attending childbirths The practice is reportedly banned in hospitals. Operational structure: An Action Committee was set up by the Government in June 1997. MAURITIUS: Current status: Female genital mutilation is reportedly not practised in Mauritius. However, the IPU has no first-hand official information on this subject Female genital mutilation (FGM) involves surgically changing the genitals of a female for non-medical reasons.FGM is a cultural practice that usually occurs in girls before puberty. It is a form of child abuse and a safeguarding issue. Female genital mutilation is illegal as stated in the Female Genital Mutilation Act 2003, and there is a legal requirement for healthcare professionals to. Female genital mutilation Female genital mutilation1 (FGM) and Yemen), more than 101 million girls aged 10 years and older are living with the effects of FGM (3). that desire to continue the practice of FGM was linked to being aged 15-24 years, living in a rural area, being Muslim, married or uneducated, having. to curtail its practice, female genital mutilation (FGM)—defined by WHO, UNICEF and the United Nations Pop-ulation Fund (UNFPA) as the partial coast of Yemen are also known to prac-tise FGM and reportedly, though to a limited extent, FGM is also practised in Jordan, Oman, the Palestinian Ter-Senegal 28
The practice is deeply rooted in Somali culture and 98% of Somali women have undergone it. The ritual is usually performed by a local woman, with the use of knives, scissors or razor blades to remove parts of the genitals, while female relatives hold the girl down swelled by a further 3 million girls each year. Female genital mutilation (FGM) (the term in common usage internationally) is practised in 29 African countries and in Yemen, Oman and Indonesia; it has been imported to the industrialised countries by certain groups of immigrants from these countries. All forms of FGM Female genital cutting/mutilation (FGM/C) performed by health care professionals (medicalization) and reduced severity of cutting have been advanced as strategies for minimizing health risks, sparking acrimonious ongoing debates. This study summarizes key debates and critically assesses supporting evidence. While medicalization is concentrated in Africa, health professionals worldwide have. In both Egypt and Sudan that figure is 87 percent, and in Mauritania it is 69 percent. The practice is less common in Yemen, at 21 percent, and Iraq, at 9 percent. (See a related article, Research—Latest Weapon Against Female Genital Mutilation. 28 Too Many is a values based charity working to end female genital mutilation (FGM). Our primary focus is on research and enabling local initiatives to end FGM in the 28 African countries where it is practised and in other countries across the world where members of those communities have migrated
Female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) is a criminal offense in Canada. FGM/C is recognized as a harmful practice. It affects the physical and psychological well-being of girls and women, and has no medical benefit. The practice is typically performed at some point between infancy and age 15 In some countries, the practice remains as common today as it was three decades ago. Over 90 per cent of women and girls in Guinea and Somalia undergo some form of genital mutilation or cutting. Progress to end FGM needs to be at least 10 times faster if the practice is to be eliminated by 2030. 5. How is the practice of FGM evolving The practice of FGM/C is highly concentrated in a band of African countries from the Atlantic coast to the Horn of Africa, in areas of the Middle East such as Iraq and Yemen, and in some countries in Asia like Indonesia FGM/C is practised most commonly in the western, eastern and north-eastern regions of Africa, as well as in a few Middle Eastern countries such as Iraq and Yemen.2 FGM/C is also practised among migrants from these areas
Everywhere it is practiced, female genital mutilation (FGM) is an expression of entrenched gender inequality.Girls subjected to FGM are subjected to a systematic form of violence. Survivors often require life-saving care - urgent treatment to staunch haemorrhage, antibiotics to quell infections, surgery to address urinary backup or emergency obstetric care for complicated deliveries Female genital mutilation is a physically and psychologically harmful practice that violates the rights of girls. The reasons given for performing this procedure include controlling a woman's sexuality, initiation into womanhood, and perceived enhancement of beauty and cleanliness. In reality, this ancient practice is a cruel and painful form. Female Genital Mutilation - the cutting of female genitalia - is forbidden in most countries around the world. And yet the practice still takes place on a daily basis Female genital mutilation (FGM) is a procedure where the female genitals are deliberately cut, injured or changed, but there's no medical reason for this to be done. It's also known as female circumcision or cutting, and by other terms, such as sunna, gudniin, halalays, tahur, megrez and khitan, among others
Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) is a painful, non-medical, procedure undertaken on girls and young women which can seriously harm their long-term health. It is a form of child abuse is illegal in the UK. It is estimated over 20,000 young women under 15 are at risk of female genital mutilation (FGM) in the UK each year, and 170,000 women in the. ObjectivesTo elucidate the attitudes of women and their husband's towards female genital mutilation (FGM) and their associations with the continuation of FGM upon their daughters. MethodsSubjects were 10,345 (in 1997) and 11,252 (in 2003) ever married women aged 15 to 49 years from the Yemen Demographic Health Surveys. Performances of FGM on the most-recently-born daughters were investigated Available data from large-scale representative surveys show that the practice of FGM is highly concentrated in a swath of countries from the Atlantic coast to the Horn of Africa, in areas of the Middle East such as Iraq and Yemen and in some countries in Asia like Indonesia, with wide variations in prevalence
The falsehood that 'female circumcision' is a form of Islamic worship perpetuates the practice across the Middle East. When Habiba al Hinai, an Omani women's rights activist, started to research the prevalence of female genital mutilation in Oman she was shocked. Almost 4 in 5 of the 100 women she spoke to reported being cut Preventing Female Genital Mutilation. February 5, 2021. Sarah Ferguson. Donate Now. They were seven young friends, telling stories about growing up. One of them mentioned female genital mutilation (FGM), outlawed since 2010 in Uganda, where the girls lived, but still practiced in some parts of the country. We decided it is normal for a girl to. YEMEN: Government body moves to stem female genital mutilation. Press Release. SANAA, 1 July 2008 (IRIN) - The Supreme Council for Motherhood and Childhood (SCMC), a government body, has drawn up a national action plan to end the practice of female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) in Yemen
In July 2020, the Human Rights Council adopted resolution 44/16 on the elimination of female genital mutilation to speed up efforts to reach zero tolerance for FGM by 2030 and to restate the global ban on the harmful practice as it constitutes a serious violation of women's rights. The number of women and girls mutilated every year globally. Female genital mutilation (FGM) is not illegal in Yemen, although a ministerial decree prohibits FGM/C from being carried out in health facilities.47 48The practice continues, however, to be carried out in private clinics. An attempt to introduce a law criminalising the practice in 2008 was rejected by the parliament.49 Data from 200 Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) is defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) as all procedures that are involved in the partial or total removal of the external female genitalia or other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons, and is classified into four categories1 In view of these developments, this article conducted a review of published articles and grey literature on legislation and policies prohibiting FGM in 27 African countries where the practice is concentrated and Yemen, with an aim of assessing the extent to which legislation, national plans of action and the integration of FGM in health.
Female genital mutilation (FGM) is a widespread practice in the developing world. Which Arab countries are affected, and what are the religious and social connotations associated with the phenomenon But FGM remains almost universal in Somalia, Guinea, Djibouti and Egypt and there was little discernible decline in Chad, Gambia, Mali, Senegal, Sudan or Yemen, the study found Female Genital Mutilation. These customary practices are extremely widespread in Yemen. It's estimated that one young girl in every 4 is subject to the excision during their youth. The lack of hygiene and regulation of those that practice these excisions often leads to grave consequences for the health of these young girls Female genital mutilation or cutting (FGM/C) is the collective name given to several different traditional practices involving partial or total removal of the female external genitalia or other injury to the female genital organs for cultural reasons. FGM/C is recognized as a harmful practice, and has no known health benefits
FGM/C refers to cutting and other procedures that injure the female genital organs for non-medical reasons. It may be called female circumcision in certain parts of the world. The practice has no health benefits and can lead to a range of physical and mental health problems. What Are the Health Effects of FGM/C The study, which looks at 29 developing countries that practice FGM, found that in one-third of those nations, half as many young women aged 15 to 19 have undergone FGM compared to older women. Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C) comprises different practices involving cutting, pricking, removing and sometimes sewing up external female genitalia for non-medical reasons. The practice of FGM/C is highly concentrated in a band of African countries from the Atlantic coast to the Horn of Africa, in areas of the Middle East such as Iraq and Yemen, and in some countries in Asia like. K. Chart: Overview of Practice of Female Genital Mutilation. IAC 1992 survey is 30%. World Health Organization (WHO) estimates 50%. FGM widely practiced. The ethnic groups most affected - Bariba, Peul (Fulani), Boko, Baatonau, Wama, Nago. Found mostly in north in Alibori, Atacora, Borgou and Zou
Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) is practiced in at least 25 countries across Africa, Egypt, Yemen, and among immigrant populations in Western countries (Yoder 2004). FGM ranges from symbolic practices, where the clitoris is simply pricked gently with no resulting consequence, to infibulation, suturing, and closing of the vagina Rates of female genital mutilation (FGM) Despite this piece of good news, the rates of decline vary widely by country, with the practice still pervasive in Iraq and Yemen. Furthermore, the. 15 The practice is carried out on girls between aged between infancy and 17 years. 10 FGM is believed to have originated before the advent of Christianity or Islam; so it is practiced regardless of any religion. 6 FGM is most commonly practiced in some countries in Sub-Saharan Africa, Malaysia, Yemen and in Western countries such as UK, which.
UNFPA. Driving Forces in Outlawing the Practice of. Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting in Kenya, Uganda and Guinea-Bissau. UNICEF, 2013. Rasheed SM, Abd-Ellah, AH, Yousef FM. Female genital mutilation in Upper Egypt in the new millennium. Intl Jour Gynaecol Obstet. 2011: 114 (1): 47-50. UNFPA-UNICEF Joint Programme on Female Genital. Mutilation. Female Genital Mutilation, or FGM, is torture, according to the United Nations. It is a human rights violation and an extreme form of discrimination against girls and women. Where did the practice originate - and why does it continue? RFI's Anne-Marie Bissada went to Egypt to ask the questions. Unlike male circumcision, female circumcision can have long-lasting medical and emotional impact According to one study, 79% of children in Yemen experience PTSD. As a result of this condition, many children have developed behaviors and believes that negatively impact their daily lives. For example, 63% of children practice avoidance behavior, 72% have trouble sleeping and 62% feel detached from friends and family INTERVIEW-Anthropologist reveals FGM practised in western, southern Iran is commonly linked to 27 African countries along with Yemen and Iraqi Kurdistan. Female circumcision does nothing.